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The City

Genoa is in North-Italy near the Mediterranean Sea, not far from France, 140 km from Milan, 550 km from Rome, 800 km from Paris and 950 km from Barcelona. Genoa is built in the narrow area between the sea and the mountains in length of 30 km. Genoa is the center of Genoa County and Liguria Region.

The population of Genoa is 631 000, which is 1.14% of the population of Italy. There are a lot of immigrants. The area of the city is 240 km2, from which is 75 km2 inhabited, the remaining is industrial zone. The area of Genoa is bigger than the neighbouring Milan or Barcelona, but its natural resources and population are fewer. The density of population is 28 people / hectare.

Genoa was the European Capital of Culture in 2004.

As the poet Paul Valery wrotes, building Genoa was a constant fight against the mountain. Genoa like today, appeared in the 13th century. During the 19th century the city center was renewed, and the city overreached the city wall. In 1926 the nearby smaller settlements joined Genoa.
- Western area: Voltri, PrÓ, Pegli, Sestri, Cornigliano, Sampierdarena
- Polcevera valley: Rivarolo, Bolzaneto, Pontedecimo
- Bisagno valley: Marassi, Staglieno, Molassana, Struppa
- Eastern area: San Fruttuoso, San Martino, Albaro, Sturla, Quarto, Quinto, Nervi and the villages of the Sturla valley

Centro Storico - city centre
When they visited Genoa, Montesquieu, Dumas and Flaubert described it as the city of marble. The historic centre of Genoa - which is the biggest of its kind in Europe - is full of huge and decorated buildings from the Middle Ages, which were built by the wealthy trader families of the city. The golden age of Genoa was between the middle of the 15th century to the middle of the 16th century. In this period the wealthy traders of the Genoa gave loans to the Spanish and other European kingdoms, the historic centre was built from this money. This part of Genoa is currently a spectacle for tourists and shopping district.

Porto Antico - The old port
Porto Antico was built for the celebration of the 500 year anniversary of the birth of Columbus (who was genoese). It is an entertainment center, with the old name remaining: the Old Port (Porto Antico). The biggest aquarium of Europe, a huge sea-front with palm trees and the "Bigo" is also in Porto Antico. Bigo is a multifunctional elevator, which can be used to windlass tourist to the high for better panorama. There is even more in Porto Antico: multiplex cinema, Natinonal Antarctic Museum, library, conference room, showroom, playground and some restaurants as well.

Palazzo Ducale
Palazzo Ducale is probably the most wellknown building of Genoa, because the international G8 meeting took place in the building in 2001. It is situated near the main square (Piazza de Ferrari), and consists of two palaces, merged in the 14th century. Since 1981 it is the building of the genovese culture, it has museum, information centre, congress center and showroom inside, furthermore, it has a flat rate restaurant (you can eat as much as you wish for a fix price).

The lighthouse of Genoa is one of its kind in the world. The famous Lanterna works for 9 centuries. Originally it was built in a mountain, but for today, the mountain is brode down, so now it is on a gendarme. It was rebuilt in 1543, because it was smashed in a revolution. Since that, the 117 meters high lighthouse stands unchanged. But - as we can see on a 1482 painting - it was very similar before rebuilding. Its light shines to 36 nautic miles in clear weather.
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